Across the country, colleges and universities are seeing record-setting fundraising years. A survey by the Council for Advancement and Support of Education revealed that donations to higher education institutions reached $52.9 billion in 2021.
And, according to Inside Higher Ed, this success extends to the entire higher ed sector, from well-known universities like Pennsylvania State University to smaller institutions like Wittenberg University in Ohio.
You may feel like your university has the potential to achieve similar success, but lacks the fundraising resources and strategies needed to kickstart your plans. In this guide, we’ll review nine effective strategies any university can use to build a strong, sustainable fundraising approach:
- Use your software solutions effectively.
- Understand your donor pool.
- Define your audience personas.
- Create a multichannel marketing strategy.
- Show the impact of donations.
- Offer flexible giving options.
- Make your giving day spectacular.
- Create an appreciation plan.
- Work with a strategic marketing partner.
Your university’s community is made of passionate students, faculty, alumni, and parents, many of whom are more than willing to support your organization through giving. With these fundraising strategies, you can create a streamlined giving process and connect with more of these potential donors.
1. Use your software solutions effectively.
When it comes to effective university fundraising, internal readiness is critical. A key component of internal readiness involves evaluating your institution’s fundraising capacity and resources to ensure your systems are in a solid position to conduct research and prospecting.
As you assess the readiness of your systems and operations, work with your team or an external fundraising consultant to evaluate the resources and tools currently available. These may include your CRM, analytics tools, and marketing platform. Ensure these tools serve your organization effectively and that you’re making the most of them.
For example, do you have significant gaps in your audience profiles within your CRM, such as missing email addresses or phone numbers? If so, you might look into conducting a data append to supplement your records with additional information.
Or, does your higher ed fundraising team lack strong data hygiene policies to keep your internal records organized? In this case, spend some time developing guidelines for your fundraising team to follow regarding data collection and entry.
If you need to invest in new fundraising software solutions to expand your capacity, you may have to make a case for these investments to other leaders at your institution. Focus your persuasion on highlighting the return on investment you’ll potentially see from bringing on high-powered fundraising systems.
2. Understand your donor pool.
Learning more about your university’s potential donors will help you create targeted outreach campaigns that appeal to your audience’s unique interests and motivations. The best way to understand your audience on a deeper level is to research your donor pool.
The first step of the donor research process should be to conduct prospect research. Prospect research is the process of identifying donors who are most likely to give to your university based on their giving capacity and personal connection to your university.
As part of this process, you can work with a fundraising consultant or your fundraising team to research potential donors’ giving capacity and propensity.
Identify donors who exhibit:
- Wealth indicators such as stock ownership, real estate holdings, and business affiliations. These indicators will help you understand a prospective donor’s capacity to contribute a larger gift. Wealth screenings help prioritize information within large datasets. However, capacity verification on high-potential prospects, especially those largely unknown to your organization, is a vital next step. This is where a fundraising consultant can make a significant difference in verifying and creating a list of priority prospects.
- Affinity indicators including prior involvement with your institution or similar institutions, political donations, past volunteering, and other areas of interest related to your institution. These characteristics will indicate that a prospective donor has a strong affinity for your university.
In addition to identifying audience members who exhibit these characteristics, you can use supplementary research strategies like data modeling and artificial intelligence to automate and streamline the donor research process.
For example, predictive modeling techniques anticipate donors’ future behaviors based on past information you’ve gathered about them. In addition, AI fundraising tools can process large quantities of data and reveal audience insights, saving your team’s time and effort.
If you’re interested in using these advanced techniques, we recommend working with a fundraising consultant who can help build your team’s internal capacity and leverage powerful tools and resources. For example, BWF offers outsourced prospect management and research as well as engagement scoring, which helps universities predict core engagement metrics like pride, passion, and awareness.
3. Define your audience personas.
It would require a lot of work and time to create personalized communications for every individual in your fundraising database.
That’s why it’s helpful to expand your focus and group audience members into segments based on shared characteristics. After identifying your audience’s most commonly shared characteristics, you can develop personas based on each archetype you discover.
You can use two approaches to define your audience personas:
- Supervised model building or persona scoring involves defining the factors that you think will be most important to grouping your audience members. You can make these determinations based on the groups you think will be most valuable or what makes each group distinctive. For instance, your institution might mark creating relationships with alumni as a higher priority than developing connections with students’ family members.
- Unsupervised model building or clustering allows the data to sort itself out, meaning your audience members will take steps to group themselves based on demographics, engagement and giving levels, and other activities they’re involved in. This approach uses an algorithm-backed approach and doesn’t involve intervention from your marketing team regarding how to group supporters.
No matter what strategy you use, the end result should be clearly-defined audience groups that give you a better understanding of your audience’s shared characteristics. You might end up with alumni groups based on age or class year, geographic location, interests, and other indicators that help you determine what your audience is more interested in.
Once you’re aware of these groups, you can create tailored marketing campaigns that connect with each segment on a more personal level by referencing their unique interests and motivations.
4. Create a multichannel marketing strategy.
As you conduct ongoing audience research, you’ll probably discover that different personas have different preferred communication channels. For example, students’ parents might prefer channels like email, while young alumni prefer communication via social media.
No matter what type of campaign you’re managing—whether a giving day campaign, holiday initiative, or homecoming campaign—using a multichannel digital marketing approach will help you reach the broadest possible audience.
Keep the following channels in mind for conducting outreach:
- Email. According to OptinMonster, 99% of email users check their email every day, and 58% of people check email first before doing anything else online. That means email is a great way to reach your audience on a daily basis. Ensure your email messages are short and sweet and that they include compelling subject lines to increase engagement.
- Social media. All of your university’s core demographics are present on social media, including current students, alumni, faculty, staff, and parents. The keys to successful fundraising on social media are consistency and authenticity. Standardize your brand elements, such as your fonts, colors, and tone, across all social media platforms to promote cohesion. Also, ensure your social media platforms feature plenty of photos and videos of the students that benefit from donors’ gifts.
- Direct mail. A direct mail fundraising campaign allows you to provide an additional engagement opportunity outside the crowded digital realm. You can send notifications for upcoming events, volunteer opportunities, and fundraising opportunities for alumni or families to get involved in. You can also send fun, surprise extras like bumper stickers, can koozies, or photos of your school’s campus.
- Website. Your university’s website will be your online hub for donor engagement. Let visitors learn more about your fundraising campaigns, including their purpose and goals. Highlight different campaigns donors can participate in, such as scholarships or your capital campaign. For example, take a look at how The University of Alabama has organized its giving page with options for visitors to make a gift or view additional fundraising opportunities.
5. Show the impact of donations.
Don’t underestimate the power of a well-developed case for support. Your case for support is the compelling story you use to grab audience members’ attention and show them that giving to your institution is worth their time and money.
For example, St. Petersburg College in Florida turned to BWF for support with an ambitious $30 million to $40 million campaign. BWF worked with the university to develop a case for support centered around four core messages, along with content development, graphic design, and digital marketing materials. These services allowed the college to create a focused, consistent plan and message.
Here’s an example of an email template created for the campaign:
Share photos, data, and impact stories that demonstrate prospective donors’ potential impact on your university’s mission. Highlight the essential role potential donors play in supporting your institution’s success.
For instance, instead of saying, “Our university offered 100 additional scholarships this year to incoming first-year students,” say, “Because of donors’ generous support, 100 additional scholarships were awarded to incoming first-year students.”
For another real-world example, check out this video for Arizona State University’s 2022 giving day. It focuses on just one student’s story and directly connects the opportunities available to students with donors’ gifts.
Whether you’re creating a video, photo essay, or multimedia blog post, make sure your donor outreach is authentic. Ensuring your stories and imagery are genuine is more important than having a professional, sleek look for your marketing materials.
6. Offer flexible giving options.
Donors will appreciate having options when it comes to how they want to show their support for your fundraising campaigns. Offer multiple flexible giving options, such as:
- Online donations. Ensure your online donation page can accept a variety of online gifts through credit/debit cards, PayPal, Stripe, and so on.
- Mail-in donations. Send pre-addressed return envelopes to supporters with envelopes they can use to send in cash or check donations.
- Planned gifts. A planned gift is a donation that a supporter promises to give now but fulfills in the future. Planned gifts are also known as legacy gifts.
- In-kind donations. In-kind gifts are non-financial donations, such as gifts of supplies or equipment. For example, some of your audience members may work for tech companies that can donate equipment such as laptops for students.
Highlight these options on your website’s giving page, across your social media pages, and in your email newsletters. Doing so will make donating more convenient for prospects, increasing the likelihood that they’ll follow through.
7. Make your university giving day spectacular.
A giving day is a fundraising campaign with clearly-defined time constraints (usually 24 hours) for supporters to submit their gifts. The world’s most well-known giving day is Giving Tuesday, which takes place the Tuesday after Thanksgiving each year.
Your university might participate in Giving Tuesday as well as a separate giving day on any day you choose during the year. No matter which giving day you’re preparing for, keep these tips in mind:
- Set a goal. Make sure your goal is ambitious but realistic. Review the results from previous years to set a goal that’s achievable but still higher than campaign totals.
- Create a theme and unifying message for each year. Create a slogan or theme to inspire supporters. For example, the University of Georgia’s 2022 Giving Day theme was “Calling All Dawgs,” a rallying cry based on the school’s mascot.
- Start planning well in advance. For Giving Tuesday, it’s helpful to start planning a few months in advance, toward the end of the summer. This gives you enough time to create your case for support and develop marketing materials.
- Show fundraising progress. Display a fundraising thermometer or other visual representation on your website to demonstrate fundraising progress.
- Plan a giving day event. Celebrate your giving day with an on-campus event. Make your event a can’t-miss affair with live music, famous alumni, and complimentary food and merchandise.
- Call prospective donors to ask for their support directly. Identify likely prospective donors within your database to reach out to directly. Thank them for their past support and communicate your case for support to show the impact their gifts can have on this year’s campaign.
Your giving days can bring in a significant amount of funding each year within a short amount of time. When you plan them carefully and seek out multiple ways to engage your audience, you can exceed your fundraising goals year after year.
8. Create a donor appreciation plan.
Saying “thank you” is a simple yet powerful way to show donors how much your university values them. Plus, you can encourage donors to give again in the future when they see that their past contributions were recognized and appreciated.
Here are a few ways you can show gratitude to your donors:
- Personalized gratitude videos. A personalized thank-you video can capture donors’ attention and show them that your organization values their involvement. Working with a partner like firstname, you can recruit student ambassadors to create meaningful thank-you videos to send to donors.
- Donor appreciation walls. A donor appreciation or recognition wall is a virtual or physical installation that lists the names of top donors to a certain campaign. Donor recognition walls give donors a sense of pride in their gifts and encourage others to get involved in your next campaign to receive similar public recognition.
- Handwritten thank you letters. A handwritten thank you note provides an extra special touch to your donor appreciation efforts. If your office works with student employees, you can recruit them to help write thank you letters to make them more authentic. To save time, focus your letter writing on major or long-time donors.
Throughout your donor appreciation efforts, show supporters the impact of their donations on your university. For example, send email updates letting donors know you were able to complete construction on your new library wing with the help of their gifts. Or, share videos and photos of scholarship recipients who were supported by donors’ contributions.
When donors see the powerful influence of their gifts, they’ll be more inclined to give again in the future.
9. Work with a strategic fundraising partner.
Managing university fundraising campaigns can be complex, especially when your school is launching multi-million dollar efforts. When you team up with a fundraising consultant, you can benefit from the consultant’s expertise and gain access to extra support for your campaign.
For instance, fundraising specialists such as the BWF team help build effective giving campaigns and donor engagement programs. These professionals take a data-driven approach to help boost your ROI.
BWF’s services include:
- Campaign planning
- Digital marketing and fundraising
- Annual giving
- Prospect development
- CRM analysis and implementations
- Data science and analytics
- Strategic communications
- Marketing and communications
These services can transform a university’s fundraising efforts by bringing a professional, third-party perspective and practical strategies rooted in real-world experience. To learn more about how BWF can support your higher education fundraising efforts, reach out today to start the conversation.
Wrapping Up: Launch Your Improved University Fundraising Strategy Today
With any fundraising campaign, your primary goal should be to foster stronger camaraderie among the students, alumni, faculty, staff, and parents who make up your university’s community. Using these tips, you can take your university fundraising campaigns to the next level and engage your audience members more effectively.
Looking for more information on planning successful higher education fundraising campaigns? Review these additional resources:
- 8 Steps to Create a Powerful Annual Giving Campaign. Your annual giving campaign is likely your university’s most important yearly fundraising effort. Follow these eight steps to craft a sustainable annual giving strategy.
- Digital Fundraising | 7 Powerful Campaign Ideas to Try. Looking for some effective online fundraising ideas to complement your university’s campaigns? Start with this guide to digital fundraising.
- 3 Keys to Grabbing — And Keeping — Your Audience’s Attention. Capturing supporters’ attention is key to driving donations. Use these three strategies to spark and keep your audience’s attention.
Find out how BWF can partner with you to launch your university fundraising strategy.